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English for Business and Entrepreneurship


English is widely used in the world of business and entrepreneurship, and a good command of business English is essential for effective communication. Here are some essential terms and phrases related to business and entrepreneurship:

Business Vocabulary:

1. Revenue: The income generated from sales or other business activities.

Types of revenue include:

Sales Revenue: Income generated from selling goods or services.
Advertising Revenue: Income from selling advertising space.
Subscription Revenue: Income from recurring subscriptions or memberships.


2. Profit: The amount earned after subtracting expenses from revenue.
Gross Profit: Revenue minus the cost of goods sold.
Net Profit: Gross profit minus operating expenses, taxes, and other costs.


3. Expense: The costs incurred in the course of business operations.
Fixed Expenses: Costs that remain constant regardless of production or sales volume.
Variable Expenses: Costs that fluctuate with production or sales.


4. Investment: The act of allocating resources, usually money, into a business with the expectation of generating a positive return.
Angel Investor: A high-net-worth individual who provides financial backing for small startups.
Venture Capitalist: A professional or firm that invests in high-potential startups in exchange for equity.


5. Market: The specific group of consumers or businesses that a product or service is intended for.
Target Market: The specific group of consumers or businesses that a product or service is aimed at.
Market Research: The process of gathering information about potential markets to guide business decisions.


6. Supply and Demand: The relationship between the availability of a product or service and the desire for it.
Understanding the equilibrium where supply meets demand is crucial for pricing and production decisions.


7. ROI (Return on Investment): A measure of the profitability of an investment, calculated as the ratio of net profit to the initial investment.
Formula: ROI = (Net Profit / Initial Investment) x 100. A positive ROI indicates a profitable investment.

English for Business and Entrepreneurship – Business Vocabulary

Entrepreneurship Vocabulary:

1. Entrepreneur: A person who starts and manages a business, taking on financial risks in the hope of profit.

2. Startup: A newly established business with innovative ideas, often in the technology sector.
Bootstrapping: Building a company with minimal external funding, often relying on personal savings.

3. Pitch: A brief presentation of a business idea or product to potential investors or customers.
Elevator Pitch: A concise and compelling summary of a business idea that can be delivered in the time it takes to ride an elevator.

4. Venture Capital: Funding provided by investors to startups and small businesses that are considered to have long-term growth potential.
Series A, B, C Funding: Stages of venture capital financing as a startup grows.

5. Business Plan: A formal document outlining a business’s goals, target market, financial projections, and strategies for achieving success.
Sections include:
Executive Summary, Market Analysis, Company Description, Organization & Management, Product/Service Line, Marketing & Sales, Funding Request, Financial Projections, and Appendix.

5. Innovation: The introduction of new ideas, methods, or products.
Disruptive Innovation: Introducing a product or service that disrupts existing markets.


Check Also:
Useful Business Phrasal Verbs with Examples
25+ Common Proverbs and Their Meanings in English
Fast Ways to Learn and Remember English Vocabulary

Communication Phrases:

1. Networking: Building and maintaining relationships with other professionals to exchange information and advice.

Business Card Exchange: Handing out business cards to facilitate future contact.
LinkedIn Networking: Building professional connections online.

2. Negotiation: Discussion aimed at reaching an agreement, often involving compromise.
BATNA (Best Alternative to a Negotiated Agreement): The course of action that will be taken if negotiations fail.

3. Memo: A brief written message used for internal communication within a company.
Purpose: To convey important information or updates within a company.
Structure: Date, To, From, Subject, Body, Conclusion.

4. Deadline: The time by which something must be completed.

5. Proposal: A formal offer or plan put forward for consideration or discussion.
Components: Introduction, Executive Summary, Objectives, Methods, Results, Conclusion, and Budget.


Meeting and Presentation Language:

1. Agenda: A list of items to be discussed or acted upon at a meeting.
Agenda Setting: Deciding on topics to be discussed and the order in which they will be addressed.

2. Minutes: A written record of what was said and decided in a meeting.
Action Items: Specific tasks assigned to individuals during a meeting.

3. Q&A (Question and Answer): A session where the audience can ask questions and receive answers.
Moderator: The person facilitating the Q&A session.

4. Presentation: A formal talk or demonstration to an audience.
Visual Aids: Including slides, charts, or graphs to enhance understanding.

Email Etiquette:

1. Subject Line: A brief description of the email’s content, providing a quick overview.
Clarity: Ensure the subject line clearly reflects the content of the email.

2. Attachment: A file sent along with the email.
File Naming: Use descriptive names for attachments to provide context.

3. CC (Carbon Copy): Including additional recipients who will receive a copy of the email.
BCC (Blind Carbon Copy): Including additional recipients without others knowing.

Use Cases: CC for recipients who need to be aware; BCC for privacy when sending to multiple recipients.

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