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Gerund and Infinitives Verbs List (Free PDF)

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Learning a new language can be an exciting journey, and when it comes to English, you’ll soon discover that it has its unique rules and structures. One important aspect to grasp as a beginner in English is how verbs work together. When two verbs appear side by side, you may notice either the word “to” between them or an “ing” added to the second verb. This is where infinitives and gerunds come into play, and understanding them is a key step in improving your English language skills.

Infinitives:

In English, when you see the word “to” placed between two verbs, the first verb is often the base form (the most basic form) of the verb. This combination is called an infinitive. For example:

  • To walk
  • To eat
  • To sing

Infinitives are used in a variety of situations, including:

  1. To Express Purpose: You can use infinitives to explain why you are doing something. For example, “I am studying English to communicate better.”
  2. After Modal Verbs: Modal verbs like “can,” “should,” and “must” are often followed by infinitives. For instance, “I can swim.”
  3. With Adjectives: Sometimes, you’ll find adjectives followed by infinitives, as in “She is happy to help.”

Gerunds:

When you see “ing” added to the second verb, this is known as a gerund. A gerund is a verb form that acts as a noun. For example:

  • Walking
  • Eating
  • Singing

Gerunds can be used in various ways:

  1. As a Subject: In sentences like “Singing makes me happy,” “singing” is the subject.
  2. After Prepositions: Many times, gerunds are used after prepositions such as “at,” “on,” and “in.” For instance, “I am good at swimming.”
  3. After Certain Verbs: Some verbs are commonly followed by gerunds, like “enjoy,” “dislike,” and “avoid.” For example, “She enjoys reading.”

The Difference:

Understanding when to use infinitives and gerunds can be a bit tricky, but here’s a general rule of thumb:

  • Use infinitives when you want to show the purpose of an action or after modal verbs.
  • Use gerunds when the verb is acting as a noun or after prepositions and certain verbs.

Let’s compare:

  • “I want to swim.” (infinitive) – You’re expressing a desire or purpose.
  • “I enjoy swimming.” (gerund) – You’re talking about an activity you like.
Infinitives (Base Form)Gerunds (-ing Form)
To walkWalking
To eatEating
To swimSwimming
To readReading
To danceDancing
To singSinging
To playPlaying
To studyStudying
To workWorking
To travelTraveling
To sleepSleeping
To laughLaughing
To talkTalking
To writeWriting
To runRunning
To cookCooking
To driveDriving
To thinkThinking
To understandUnderstanding
To loveLoving
Verbs followed by an infinitive

Infinitives and gerunds take the place of a noun in a sentence.

Verbs followed by an object and an infinitive
Verbs followed by a Gerund &/ Preposition

Gerund and Infinitives Verbs PDF

  Gerund and Infinitives List PDF – download

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THANKS

Great content. Thanks for posting.

yes indeed

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