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Informal Contractions & Relaxed Pronunciation (PDF)


English language speakers often use words with relaxed pronunciation and informal contractions. Informal contractions (relaxed pronunciation) are very common in American English. This short form is often used in speaking and in informal writing.

Informal contractions are often used in daily English conversations. Using these words is a good way to make yourself sound more like a good English speaker and understand daily English conversations. Informal contractions are commonly used in spoken language and informal writing.

However, it’s best to avoid using them in formal writing and academic papers.

Informal Contractions in English


Here is a table of common informal contractions in English with examples:

can’tcan notI can’t find my keys.
don’tdo notDon’t touch that!
won’twill notHe won’t be able to come to the meeting.
ain’tam notAin’t nobody got time for that.
isn’tis notIt isn’t fair.
shouldn’tshould notYou shouldn’t eat that if you’re allergic.
you’reyou areYou’re so kind.
they’rethey areThey’re going to the store later.
I’mI amI’m feeling really tired today.
let’slet usLet’s go to the park after lunch.


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couldacould haveI coulda finished the project earlier.
dunnodon’t knowI dunno what time the movie starts.
gimmegive meCan you gimme a hand with this?
gonnagoing toI’m gonna go to the store later.
gottagot toI gotta go to the dentist tomorrow.
kindakind ofThis pizza is kinda spicy.
oughtaought toWe oughta start the meeting soon.
shouldashould haveI shoulda called you yesterday.
sortasort ofIt’s sorta cloudy outside.
wannawant toI wanna go to the beach this weekend.
wouldawould haveI woulda come to your party, but I was busy.

Informal ContractionsRelaxed PronunciationFull FormExample
gonnag’na / ˈɡʌ.nəgoing to“I’m gonna eat lunch.”
wannaw’na / ˈwʌ.nəwant to“I wanna go with you.”
gottag’ta / ˈɡɒ.təgot to / have got to“I gotta leave soon.”
gotta (2)g’ta / ˈɡɒ.təgot a“I gotta new car.”
kindak’nda / ˈkaɪnd.əkind of“He’s kinda tired.”
sortas’ra / ˈsɔːrt.əsort of“It’s sorta strange.”
lemmel’me / ˈlem.ilet me“Lemme try it.”
lemme (2)l’me / ˈlem.ileave me“Lemme alone.”
dunnod’no / ˈdʌ.nodon’t know“I dunno the answer.”
gimmeg’me / ˈɡɪm.igive me“Gimme a minute.”
gotta (3)g’ta / ˈɡɒ.təhave got a“I gotta problem.”
shouldash’lda / ˈʃʊd.əshould have“He shoulda known.”
couldac’lda / ˈkʊd.əcould have“She coulda helped.”
wouldaw’lda / ˈwʊd.əwould have“I woulda gone.”

Informal contractions PDF

  Informal contractions in English PDF – download

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