Difference between have, has, had, have got, has got explained with simple examples.
Have: I have, do you have? / I don’t have
We can use have to talk about possessions, family (and other) relationships and illnesses.
☞I/you/we/they (plural nouns) ➜have (present tense)
☞He/She/it (singular nouns) ➜ has (present tense)
Singular nouns ➜ one person / animal / thing, etc.
Plural nouns ➜ more than one person / animal / thing, etc.
I have a new bike.
You have a new bike.
She has two brothers.
He has a beautiful wife.
They have new bikes.
We also say that people have hair, eyes etc; and that things have parts.
She has beautiful eyes.
My new house has two doors.
Have: past and future
PAST: I/you/he/she/it/we/they had
When I was a teacher I had an old car.
Mary had a cold last week.
FUTURE: I/you/he/she/it/we/they will(not) have
Contractions: l’ll, you’ll etc; won’t (= will not)
Difference Between Have, Has, Had
We use have in a lot of common expressions to talk about actions.
I usually have launch at eleven o’clock.
l’m going to have a shower.
Would you like to have something to eat?
Mary had a baby in April.
Have without do: have got, has got
☞I/you/we/they have got
☞he/she/it has got
☞have I/you etc got?
☞has he/she/it got?
☞I/you etc have not got
☞he/she/it has not got
Contractions: I’ve, he’s etc; haven’t, hasn’t
We often use got with have, especially in spoken English, and especially in the present.
This does not change the meaning: we use have/has got like have/has to talk about possession etc.
I have got = I have
Have you got? = Do you have?
She hasn’t got = She doesn’t have
I’ve got a dog.
I haven’t got a single penny.
You’ve got long hair.
She’s got a brother.
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